A personal loan template is a legal document that contains the terms and conditions of a personal loan. A personal loan includes a certain amount of money borrowed by a person. It is the responsibility of the borrower to pay you back along with the interest rate as per the terms of contract. You must create a personal loan agreement in order to give a personal loan to someone.
Table of Contents
- The types of personal loans you will agree too:
- What are the 3 parts of a loan?
- Questions to ask to the borrower before making a personal loan template:
- How to write a personal loan agreement?
The types of personal loans you will agree too:
When the borrower has no credit or poor credit and another person takes the responsibility in case the borrower can’t pay.
Here, during the entire course of the loan’s repayment period, the interest rate won’t change.
In case of default, the borrower should put up collateral. A second mortgage on their home or their car is the most common collateral example.
For borrower, there is no need to put up collateral as part of the agreement. This is because, in case of default, their personal assets may still get confiscated legally.
Variable rate includes the third-party that sets the interest rates. You may also like Family Loan Agreement Templates.
What are the 3 parts of a loan?
Before making any decisions, for the borrower, it is essential to understand the fundamental principles of loaning. The lender should familiarize with these principles. There are 3 main parts of a loan;
The amount that you charge for borrowing money is known as interest rate and it is usually considered a small percentage of the loan amount. Interest rate is further classified into two;
- Fixed rates that can’t change
- Variable rates can change during the overall course of the repayment period.
Security component refers to the assets or collateral that the borrower puts up to guarantee the loan. Here are the two types of loans;
- In a secured loan, the borrower guarantees the lender that he will get repaid. In case, the borrower fails to pay the loan then to get back your investment, you can take possession of the collateral. This type of loan allows you to charge a lower interest rate.
- An unsecured loan doesn’t require any collateral to put up from the borrower. If the borrower defaults on the loan then you don’t have protection. As compared to a secured loan, the unsecured loan has high-interest rate.
Term refers to the amount of time that the borrower has to pay back the loan. However, the common term is between 1 and 5 years and longer terms refer higher interest rates.
Questions to ask to the borrower before making a personal loan template:
You should ask the following questions to the borrower;
What do you require the money for?
The lender has the right to know for what purpose the borrower requires the money. It is suggested to refer the borrower to the nearest lending institution if you believe the reason isn’t enough.
How long the borrower will take to pay the loan back?
You can feel comfortable charging zero-interest if the loan is just a necessity until the borrower’s next paycheck. There is no need for a personal loan form. But, in case, if the loan involves a significant amount and borrower requires months to pay it off then you must create a written document.
What is the borrower current financial status?
Before agreeing to the loan, as a lender, it is your responsibility to find out whether the borrower is in an adequate financial situation. The situation may be considered an awkward one but keep in mind that the borrower approached you for the money.
How to write a personal loan agreement?
You have to include the following elements in your personal loan agreement;
This section should include the following;
- the complete names
- contact details of yourself
- the borrower
Include the date that when the agreement is created.
Here, you have to include the total amount that the borrower loan from you.
State in the agreement whether the borrower is agreed to pay you back periodically or with a lump sum.
Mention the agreed-upon interest rate in your agreement.
Late payments and outcomes of defaulting:
The agreement should specify when you will consider the loan payments late. Also, indicates the implications of these late payments. For instance, the late payments result in late fees. It is recommended also specify the amounts. If the borrower violates any terms of your agreement, specify what happens then.
If the borrower has any guarantor then he should also sign the document. The guarantor refers to the third party who will repay the loan in case the borrower fails to pay back. Guarantor is not a requirement for a personal loan but it will provide you a greater sense of security.
In conclusion, a personal loan template is a legally binding contract between a borrower and a lender. This contract explains the terms of a personal loan. Generally, it involves the amount, payment details, the lender’s right, and should the borrower default on the loan.