You have to make a software test plan template in order to perform a software test. Usually, the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of intended activities are included in a test plan. When designing your test plan document, you should consider the following pointers;
- Without omitting important details, make the plan as precise as possible.
- Don’t be redundant or superficial. Avoid being reluctant in your decisions.
- You have to be specific with your facts.
- When and where you need, make use of lists and tables.
- Don’t use long paragraphs.
- Before send it for approval, ask a colleague or an expert read your test plan.
Table of Contents
- 1 Types of test plan templates:
- 2 The important components of a test plan template:
- 3 Why should you create a test plan template?
- 4 How to make a test plan template?
- 5 What is the difference between test planning and test execution?
- 6 Conclusion:
- 7 Faqs (Frequently Asked Questions)
- 8 Without the test plan, can the software test stand?
- 9 How much time is required for software development?
Types of test plan templates:
Depending on the testing scope, there are different types and levels of plans;
This type of testing is conducting by the clients at the developer’s site. It is known as a preliminary software field test.
Black box testing
This type of testing also refers as the partition or behavioral testing. The main point of the test is to identify the functional requirements of the program. The tester has to make a set of conditions for input.
Basically, this testing explains what the system does. It will give correctness, reliability, and accuracy of the report output.
Graphical user interface testing
It enables the users to interact with electronic devices. Graphical icons and visual indicators are the factors through which they can interact. It includes the;
- GUI guideline violations
- spelling mistakes
- error messages and more
At first, you have to combine individual software modules here. Then, test them as a group. After unit testing and before validation testing, it usually occurs. This type of testing is used to pinpoint mistakes linked to interacting.
The performance testing is done by the client. It is the method of assessing the quality or capability of a product.
Access and security control testing
Access control is a security technique done by the client. You can use it to regulate who or what can use resources in a computing environment.
To maintain effectiveness, it is used to test the ability of a network, program, or device.
It is conducted to check complete and integrated software. The main objective of this test is to ensure that the system complies with the specified needs.
User acceptance test
The real software users test the software in this test. In real-world scenarios, they ensure that it can handle required tasks.
The important components of a test plan template:
Let us discuss below the important components of a test plan template;
Test plan identifier
All deliverables receive a discrete identification number that could be alphanumeric or numeric. Usually, it depends on the configuration management of the company. Moreover, test plans have to follow configuration management policies as a policy.
This section gives information about the program or software. Also, for the most current release, indicate its objectives.
It is an introduction and a precise synopsis of the software that you’ll test.
Features to test
Features to test include in-scope features. These features may be new features, newly added ones or updated ones. Also, include indirect features. These features have technical and functional dependencies on the new or updated ones.
Features not to test
These are considered as the out-of-scope features. From the current plan, they are the excluded features. You should provide reasons that why you excluded these features. These provisions may include that these features are non-impacted or less-impacted. Furthermore, you can also indicate that they have less essential features.
Explain the strategy on how you’ll be testing the software. Also, define what kind of tests to conduct. Tests on functionality, performance, and security are included in it. The latter test may include manual, automation or a combination of both.
Include all the testing deliverables such as approaches, reports, test cases, and more.
Commonly, criteria depend on specifications. It is a standard on which a test procedure can be based. An entry criterion includes certain conditions or on-going activities. All these should be present before a process can start. An exit criterion involves the requirements required to accomplish a certain task.
All tasks or steps that you require to do the test include them.
Demonstrate all the infrastructures that you will require for testing and application.
Indicate the duties and responsibilities of your team and their roles for the various testing and support activities.
You have to prepare a well-made schedule. You have to do this for essential deliverables and milestones of your testing. During the testing, make detailed tests schedules at the appropriate times.
Risks and mitigation
Determine the risks involved for relevant items. Also, mention a plan for mitigation.
Here, you should mention the approval date and date signed.
Why should you create a test plan template?
Here are the reasons that why you should make a test plan template;
- It will assist in identification of the required effort. It will verify the features of the application to you will test.
- It is a helpful tool for the business managers, developers, and customers. They can learn about the details of the testing with the help of this document.
- It will act as a guide in your thinking. It contains a set of rules that you should strictly follow.
- It includes information such as test estimations, test scope, and test strategy.
How to make a test plan template?
Here are some tips that you should follow while making a test plan;
Determine your product
You have to perform some research work in order to analyze your product. In order to learn your clients and end users expectations and needs, you should talk to them. Before testing, identify the product thoroughly.
Build a strategy
The test manager prepares a test plan document as it is a complex document. Project’s testing goals can find in it. Also, it will identify the efforts and costs of the testing. Before doing any testing, you have to define the scope of the testing. The parameters that are set by the plan, stick to them as they are important to your team and stakeholders.
You can get an expected test outcome by standard testing procedures. You perform every testing type to determine particular type of product ‘bug’.
Define the objectives
Searching for software defects is a great objective. Also, before release, you should make sure that the software is “bug-free”. You have to list all the software that you will require for the testing in order to achieve your goals.
Define the criteria
Generally, criteria depends on specifications. A test procedure can be based on a standard. Make use of a suspension criteria to suspend all or a portion of the testing activities. Place the test cycle on hold in case you encounter these during testing. In addition, you can also use exit criteria to complete a specific task or process.
All the types of resources that you require to complete your project, define them. In a detailed summary of your document, include them. Human, equipment, and materials could be these resources.
For testing, plan the environment
An arrangement of both hardware and software that the testing personnel will use to execute their test cases is testing environments for software. It includes business personnel, users, and the physical setup. In order to fully comprehend the web application, draw as much information from the developer.
Scheduling and estimation
Your plan must include the estimations and schedule. Break down the whole project into smaller tasks for estimations and then include the estimate for every task. Every project manager must make a schedule as it is used as a gauge.
In the course of a project, you will create different types of documents. The deliverables are these documents along with the tools and other elements. In order to support the testing efforts, you require them.
What is the difference between test planning and test execution?
In the testing cycle, test planning is the most important section. You can identify the outcome of testing phase by the quality and scope of the planning that has been done for the testing. During the development phase, test planning usually occurs in order to save the lead time for test execution.
On the other hand, in the STLC phase, the execution of test cases is one of the steps. In accordance with the plans that worked out earlier, the test execution will have to be conducted. The whole of the testing phase is always kept dominating by planning.
In conclusion, a software test plan template is a comprehensive document that outlines the test strategy, objectives, and resources required for testing. It may consist of test estimations and deliverables. For software testing, it is basically a blueprint in conducting activities. You can use it for meticulous monitoring and controlling. You can make your own software testing plan template or download one online.
Faqs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Without the test plan, can the software test stand?
It can be possible rarely because test plan acts as the backbone of the whole project. Also, it builds its frame and keeps track of attempted changes and updates. Due to the lack of systematic instructions, the run could be messy.
How much time is required for software development?
It usually depends on the type of software that you are working on as some may take 2-3 weeks and some several years. It would be better to have a test plan as instructions make the development easier and relatively faster.